By Michael Ssemakula
Thousands of researchers with incalculable research works from different schools-of-thought have come up with innumerable path ways to trim down the plight of unemployment: but there is one crucial question that has been left dangling in remedying space;
Is the rate of unemployment of the youths in the dynamic modern contemporary Africa a manifestation of their education attainment?
Over eleven million youths join the job market in Africa according to the World Bank, but does this mean they will all start work soon as they are out of college? In countries like Kenya and Uganda my native country, the average period for a graduate expected to get a job is five years. And the average graduating college age is twenty-five years, meaning average enrollment age in a white collar job is thirty years in many cases this predicament estimated data proximities is worse in the international organizations’ research than in the local authorities’ research. In the report (ILO, 2016) “Working poverty rates among youth in Sub-Saharan Africa is nearly 70 per cent in 2016, translating to 64.4 million working youth in that region living in extreme or moderate poverty (less than $3.10 per day). In the report The region continues to report the highest youth working poverty rates globally. The number of poor working youth has increased by as much as 80 per cent for the past 25 years. This is coupled with the fact that young workers in the region have one of the highest probabilities of living in poverty in comparison to adults.” Leaving university to find employment is a central and challenging evolution for young adults. Unemployment being a social determinant of good health, a wide-range of body of literature from different scholars (Health., 2017 Mar 7) attest to the fact that youth unemployment can cause a decrease in physical and mental health and an increase in smoking and alcohol consumption. Further, youthful period appears to be a sensitive time period in life; Studies show that the effect of youth unemployment on psychological health remains in adulthood, independent of advanced unemployment experiences. The relationship between joblessness and healthiness is however, more complex as the effect could differ depending on the national rate of unemployment. Due to the intense overpowering unemployment rates exacerbated by the theorization system of education in Sub-Saharan Africa, poverty rates continue to upsurge among the youth populaces due to insufficient incomes to afford basic necessities of life like healthy food, proper housing, and access to good health care and social protection services like health insurance packages, henceforth limiting the right to health for this vulnerable strata and deterring them from achieving the highest attainable health standards as enshrined in the article eight of the international covenant on Economic Social and Cultural Rights, This is devastated by the depression and inner frustrations; Research from the prospective study of the impact of stress on health (Effects of Uemployment on mental and physical health, 2017 May 7.) shows many people who are unemployed, suffer significantly the symptoms of psychological somatization, depression, physical ailments such as heart trouble, pain in heart and chest, high blood pressure, spells of faint-dizziness, bone-joint problems, hypertension, anxiety and emotion instabilities than their employed counterparts.
Many seem to give up when the job opportunities they are pursuing fail to materialize simply because a lot of time has been spent on job foxhunting. Due to the stiff competition in the high schools and universities, majority of universities over rely on academic excellence than the practical skills-set excellence for their students thus half-built employability. As legions of students graduate every passing year on the continent with excellent grades, a void has still remained in the skills-boat as one of the causes of the low employability. Inadequate relevant knowledge, skills ,and attributes that build up fresh graduates’ expertise at work are impending their likelihoods to be employed easily, thousands of employers are about displeased with the graduates’ work skills like computer literacy, inter and intrapersonal skills, team work, problem solving and personal qualities like reliability, transferable skills and attitude (Council, 2014). Many companies in sub-Saharan Africa have been laying off some employees simply because of the low productivity and efficiency in tasks performance henceforth low proficiency at work, research shows students who have undergone the vocation system of tutelage can adeptly do work way better than their university counterparts due to the practical hands-on training. However, this plight is solvable; there are irrefutably long-lasting measures that can be bracketed into the equation of remedies that can propel other strategies forth to tone down this underlying dilemma as discoursed underneath;
Incorporate the technical college arrangement in the high school learning system; this is not about deracinating or replicating the technical college studies in high schools but to partly encompass their real-world knowledge in high schools since several educationists like teachers, and parents or guardians focus on enrolling g their students to universities than technical institutes with the presumptuous thought that universities are more recognized and respected than the polytechnics. If all students undergo such a setting, more are likely to get jobs even beforehand their tenure at university lapses due to the fact that the practical knowledge they received in the high schools, is facilitating them in the unendingly changing job market, and such students can also skillfully create their on ventures,like confectionery businesses, poultry, IT businesses, electricity installations, plumbing and others. That’s if such students were taught in high school and they are in the know of how best to do this kind of work. This notion will at-least help check the plight devastating our graduates by at the very least of thirty percent, with such pragmatic skills, youths are in position to thrive through the hard rock edges of unemployment and are capable of maintaining their lives with the basic necessities such as healthy food and healthcare. Nevertheless, this involves a policy change and the good will of state managers through embracing: – a broad development inclusive policy that will involve all the stake holders at national and institutional level through the education ministry and it’s directorates concerned in each subject taught in schools. This involves reviewing and modifying the subjects taught, and coming up with supportive policies and regulations that will ensure the dynamics in the education sector are adhered to in the institutions and enforced by the actual implementers.
And the government should redesign the framework around which our insurance policies revolve. This is through establishing a new special affordable and subsidized mandatory insurance policy for all students in schools and tertiary institutions. This money can be included on the tuition fees paid in the education institutions backed by a transparent stringent monitoring system; Such that a social protection saving culture is instilled among the students, young adults and young professionals fresh from school in order to have a good guaranteed health care for all the youths in disregard of the status they hold in society and achieve the highest attainable standards of health.
Education and social outlook 2016; by The International Labor Organization
Understanding graduate employability in Sub-Saharan Africa 2014; BY British Council
The State of youth Unemployment in South Africa, by Aalia Cassim and Morne Oosthuizen